History of the Russian Federation

The fact that the largest country on the planet was being ruled by the Soviet Union, or Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was of great concern to many. It was known as a ruling party that brought more disapproval than praise by instituting divisions, such as the “Iron Curtain”, that literally split Europe in half during World War II, and by being an active role player in the erection of the Berlin Wall. But by 1991, the Union of Soviet Socialists Republics was slowly losing their iron-fisted grip on Russia.

At the beginning of the year 1991, the Soviet era had started to come to an end, and Russia became the Russian Federation. This magnificent change started with Boris Yeltsin’s departure from the Communist Party. He set in motion the wheels of a free election and a hearing of the voice of the people. Not surprisingly, the people voted against the communist way of life and elected a federal government. The dissolution of the Soviet Union brought about a lot of change and new independent hope for the future. But change did not come about easily, with many rebel uprisings and political squabbles the road to economic freedom was rocky.

Yeltsin sat in the seat of leadership for many years, and even through his erratic behavior, absences due to illness and controversial decisions, the public supported him and any attempt to impeach him failed. Vladimir Putin, who is the former head of the legendary KGB, was elected as Prime Minister on 9 August 1999. On 31 December 1999, Boris Yeltsin finally stepped down from his position as President, and Vladimir Putin was inaugurated on 26 March 2000.

Since the end of the Soviet Union, Russia has become an energy superpower and is one of the countries with the greatest numbers of weapons of mass destruction, making the Russian Federation, a very competitive force to be reckoned with. By 2006, Russia had the ninth highest GDP of all the countries of the world, and forecasters believe that the income will only grow. Their military strength has also grown with Military Space Forces, Ground Forces, Airborne Troops, Air Force and a large Navy.

The Russian Federation has also set about establishing embassies in foreign countries, building relationships and offering a range of services to tourists and Russian nationals living abroad. After many years of hardship and restraint, the people of Russia are finally allowed to enjoy the freedom the Russian Federation represents. And it is a country with so much to offer, both economically and for the tourist industry, and has become a destination that many foreign visitors look forward to exploring.


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