Pulkovo Airport near St. Petersburg
St Petersburg, Russia, is serviced by Pulkovo Airport, just sixteen kilometers outside the city. Pulkovo is an international airport and was originally known as Shosseynaya Airport. The construction on the airport building started in January 1931 and construction ceased on 24 June 1932. The airport received their first landing on the very same day the construction was completed. The first flight to touch down in St Petersburg, at the Shosseynaya Airport, was a flight from Moscow carrying mail and passengers.
The airport terminal was reconstructed in 1951 to enable the airport to handle bigger aircraft landings. In 1973 the airport was renamed to Pulkovo Aiport. Airport traffic increased dramatically between 1970 and 1990, with the opening of a secondary terminal. The Pulkovo Airport averages 4 837 000 passengers annually and aircraft movements are approximated at 26 934, which is the actual amount recorded in 2003. Today the airport has two passenger terminals and one terminal that is reserved for cargo. Flights within Russia, domestic flights, international charter flights and the CIS countries are serviced by Terminal 1, and long haul international flights go through Terminal 2. The Pulkovo Airport has ninety-eight aircraft stands and two runways, of which one is equipped for the Airbus A380, and is the only airport in Russia that can accommodate this aircraft.
There is a free shuttle service between Terminal 1 and Terminal 2 that allows transporting of passengers between the domestic and international terminals. The Pulkovo Airport provides ample parking that is close to the terminals, and Terminal 2 boasts a multi-story parking facility that is connected directly with the terminal. If there are travelers brave enough to take to the St Petersburg roads, car hire facilities are available at both terminals. Tourists who are not familiar with St Petersburg are advise not to hire vehicles, but to make use of taxis, as the St Petersburg roads are very unpredictable and following the signage is extremely difficult at times.
Shuttle minibuses, busses and taxis are available at Terminal 1 and 2. The bus departing from Terminal 2 is a two stop bus route that ends in St Petersburg, and the bus leaving from Terminal 1 also has stops along the way, but its final destination is Moskovskaya Metro Station. Travelers can also inquire on any information at the Information Centres and Helpdesks that are located in both terminals.
Both Terminal 1 and 2 have a post offices, newsagents and convenience stores available within the building. There are also bars, restaurants, cafés, a hairdresser and pharmacies throughout the terminals. The terminals at Pulkovo Airport are accessible to disabled travelers.