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Explore the City of Krasnodar

The city of Krasnodar is located on the Kuban River in Russia's Krasnodar Krai and serves as the region's administrative center. When it was founded at the beginning of 1794 it was named Yekaterinodar, meaning "Catherine's Gift", being a reference both to the patron saint of the city, Saint Catherine, and to Catherine the Great's grant of land to the Black Sea Cossacks in the Kuban region, which is now known as Krasnodar Krai. The name of the city was changed in December 1920 to reflect the communist rule at the time, with Krasno meaning 'red' and dar meaning 'gift'.

The city started as a Cossack fortress for border defense and in the early 19th century was a busy commercial center for the Kuban Cossacks, developing into an important trade center for southern Russia. During the Russian Civil War of 1917-1922, occupation of Krasnodar alternated between the Volunteer Army and Red Army a number of times. World War II saw the city occupied by the German army between August 1942 and February 1943. The city became the venue for what became known as the Krasnodar Tribunal, with the Soviet rulers sentencing eight people to death for war crimes.

Today, Krasnodar is a thriving city with a number of interesting sights for visitors to view. The lattice tower designed by Russian scientist and engineer Vladimir Grigorievich Shukhov, and built in 1928, is one of the city's more prominent attractions. Standing out above its surroundings and lit up at night, this hyberboloid tower is located near the Krasnodar Circus. With the Central Concert Hall on the one end, the Avrora cinema center on the other and a triumphal arch in the middle, Krasnaya Street features a number of Krasnodar's most popular attractions. Inaugurated on September 25, 2011, the splash fountain in Theater Square is believed to be the largest of its kind in Europe. Its inauguration coincided with the celebration of Krasnodar's City Day.

Krasnodar is well-known for its wealth of cultural talent. It is home to the Krasnodar Philharmonic Society and the State Cossack Choir. Composer Grigoriy Ponomarenko and operatic soprano Anna Netrebko are both from Krasnodar. Other cultural centers to be found in the city include the Krasnodar Ballet Theater, Krasnodar Regional Puppet Theater, Krasnodar Musical Theater, and Krasnodar State Academic Drama Theater. There are also a number of major museums in the city, including the Krasnodar Regional Art Museum – considered to be the oldest and finest in North Caucasus region of Russia.


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