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Golden Horn Bay Bridge – An Engineering Masterpiece

Inaugurated on 2 July 2012 by Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, on the 152nd anniversary of Vladivostok, the Golden Horn Bay Bridge stretches across the Eastern Bosphorus Strait connecting the city of Vladivostok with Russky Island. Started in August 2008, the bridge was completed in record time, with the last panel being welded into place on April 13, 2012 – taking a total of 43.5 months to create an engineering masterpiece.

The Golden Horn Bay Bridge, also known as Russky Island Bridge, is the world's largest cable-stayed bridge, with the highest pylons and longest cable stays in the world. At 1,104 meters, the central span of the bridge sets a new record in bridge building engineering. The bridge will have to withstand Vladivostok's harsh winter conditions and fierce winds and this was taken into account with the design. The concrete pylons, created using self-climbing forms in 4.5 meter pours, are embedded as deep as 77m into the ground. The bridge was completed in time for the 2012 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Summit held on Russky Island, providing a superb example of advanced engineering to visiting dignitaries.

Lying off the coast of Vladivostok, Russky Island is located in the Peter the Great Gulf of the Sea of Japan. In the late 1800s it served as a defensive post for Vladivostok and initially had wooden fortresses, which were later replaced by stone. Today the island is being developed, reportedly as a response to the growing economic power of China in the region. Future plans for the island include tourism infrastructure and a tourist resort. It has been reported that the construction of a federal residence as a Far-Eastern region base for the Russian President has been approved and will be built at Boyarin Bay on the island.

A number of construction and development projects took place on Russky Island in preparation for the 2012 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit. Among these were extensions to the Far Eastern Federal University which would serve as study venues for humanities and science at the completion of the summit, as well as residences for up to 11,000 students and staff.

Islands located close to Russky Island include Popov Island, Reyneke Island, Rikord Island and Shkot Island, all of which form the Eugénie de Montijo Archipelago – named after the wife of French Emperor Napoleon III.

 



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