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Tolbachik Volcanic Massif

Rising up from the diverse Russian landscape is a fascinating volcanic massif. Located in the eastern region of Russia, in the Kamchatka Peninsula, Tolbachik still amazes and interests visitors, even though it has been lying dormant for over thirty years. Tolbachik consists of two volcanic peaks, each with its own unique features and characteristics. This magnificent massif and its interesting surrounding areas are frequently visited by tour groups and tourists and it is easy to see why, due to its beauty and silent form of danger that brings a little adventure to the site.

As mentioned, Tolbachik boasts two peaks, of which Plosky Tolbachik stands at 3085 meters and is the flat peak. The sharp peak is known as Ostry Tolbachik and is 3082 meters in height. A flat topped volcano is referred to as a shield volcano and a peaked volcano, as a stratovolcano. Together, they are knows as Tolbachik and volcanic activity here can be traced back for hundreds of years.

Plosky Tolbachik has been the most active and its last recorded eruptions took place from the year 1967 to 1970 and its most recent eruption was from 1975 to 1976. The last eruption is significant due to the fact that P.I. Tokarey from the Far Eastern Scientific Centre of the ANSSSR’s Institute of Volcanology, was able to correctly predict this eruption. The eruption was preceded by an earthquake which assisted in prediction as it was the most violent of the smaller earthquakes leading up to the eruption. A large crater was formed inside Plosky Tolbachik and the massive lava sheets gave rise to the cinder cones located around the Tolbachik massif. The cinder cones and the ashfield are the main focus of tour groups and the Russians also made use of the ashfield to test their lunar vehicles.

Volcanic eruptions are probably one of the most dangerous natural occurrences known to man, and they will continue to fascinate and mesmerize. The sleeping danger inside of these sleeping giants attracts visitors to their feet and the way that nature restores itself after an eruption is breathtaking. Tolbachik is a magnificent attraction in Russia and a site of true natural splendor.


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My - 2009-09-17 18:19:29


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