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Visit Volgograd's Historical Attractions

Visitors to Volgograd, the administrative center of Russia's Volgograd Oblast, will have a number of interesting attractions to explore, many of which relate to the history of this bustling city situated on the western bank of the Volga River. Named Tsaritsyn between 1589 and 1925, and renamed Stalingrad between 1925 and 1961, the city is etched in history books for its resistance against the German Army in the World War II Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942-2 February 1943) during which many lives were lost and the city incurred extensive damage.

Located at the top of a hill called Mamayev Kurgan, the 'Motherland Calls' statue measures 87 meters high from the tip of her raised sword to the top of the plinth upon which she stands. With a sword in her right hand, her left arm outstretched with hand wide open, and garments swirling around her creating a sense of motion and triumph, this hugely impressive statue was created to commemorate the Battle of Stalingrad. Designed by Soviet sculptor and artist Yevgeny Vuchetich and structural engineer Nikolai Nikitin, the statue was the tallest sculpture in the world when it was completed and dedicated in 1967, and with the figure measuring 52 meters from head to toe, remains the largest female statue in the world. There are 200 steps leading up to the statue from the bottom of the hill, symbolizing the 200 days that the Battle of Stalingrad continued. Unfortunately, changes in the level of groundwater below the Motherland Calls statue have caused it to lean, and as it is not attached to the pedestal, any further movement could result in the statue toppling over – an issue authorities are reportedly attending to.

Other places of interest to visit in Volgograd include the Panorama Museum - home to a vast collection of World War II artifacts, including a rifle belonging to Vasily Zaytsev, the Soviet sniper with 225 confirmed kills in the Battle of Stalingrad – the Marines Monument at the Volgograd Grain Elevator; the Volgograd Railway Station; and the Square of the Fallen Fighters. The Sarepta Museum Reserve is a collection of 18th century buildings in a neighborhood established by German Moravian settlers in 1765. Here visitors can view hundreds of items relating to the activities of this religious group who were responsible for starting grain farming in the area and were skilled at crafts made from cane plants which are indigenous to the region. Certainly, there is plenty to experience when visiting Volgograd.

 



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