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Walk Through History at Gorki Leninskie

Located outside Moscow, the estate of Gorki Leninskie offers fascinating insight into the eventful life of Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924) – the first head of the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic and later the first actual, but unofficial, leader of the Soviet Union. In acknowledgement of his role in Russia’s political history, in 1999 Time Magazine named Vladimir Lenin as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. His political and economic theories, which built on the ideas of Marxism and are known as Leninism, form the foundation for the ideology of Soviet Communism.

The charming yellow and white mansion at Gorki Leninskie dates back to the late 18th century and has been carefully preserved. The estate belonged to a series of Muscovite noblemen before becoming the home of General Anatoly Reinbot, Moscow’s Governor General at the time of the First Russian Revolution in 1905. Upon Reinbot’s death, his widow, Zinaida Morozova appointed renowned Russian architect, Fyodor Schechtel, to remodel the mansion in the then fashionable Neoclassical style, adding an impressive six columned portico.

In 1918 the Soviet government moved to Moscow, and the lavish estate was nationalized as Lenin’s dacha. On 30 August 1918, an attempted assassination left Lenin badly injured, with the first of the three bullets that were fired lodged in his arm, the second in his neck below the jaw line and the third hitting the person he was talking to. After much deliberation, surgeons decided that it would be too dangerous to remove the bullets. Lenin began to spend more and more time at Gorki Leninskie in an attempt to recuperate, but his health slowly deteriorated over the following years until, following a number of strokes, he died in the Gorki Leninskie mansion on 21 January 1924.

The Gorki Leninskie mansion remains furnished and decorated much as it had been at the time Lenin lived there and visitors can expect to see a collection of Lenin’s personal items, including letters he wrote, books he read and his death mask. The tour includes the room where Lenin died and the garage where visitors can view his custom-made Rolls Royce car. A statue in the grounds features eight men carrying the shrouded body of Lenin on their shoulders.

On the Gorki Leninskie estate grounds is a museum recreating Lenin’s Kremlin office, as well as the Political History of Russia Museum detailing the period between 1918 and 1924. The estate gardens are superbly landscaped with rows of flowers and shrubs and lush green lawns. A visit to Gorki Leninskie offers an escape from the hustle and bustle of the city, while allowing visitors a glimpse into the private world of one of Russia’s most influential historical figures.


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