Include Kolomna on Your Itinerary

The ancient city of Kolomna, situated at the confluence of the Oka and Moskva Rivers, is the administrative center of the Kolomensky Districts of the Moscow Oblast, Russia. Kolomna was one of the earliest locomotive building centers in Russia and today heavy machinery, diesel engines and synthetic rubber are some of the main industries contributing to the city’s economy.

Kolomna first featured in 1177 and records indicate that the city formed a key stronghold on the southern frontier of Moscow. The Kolomna Kremlin, a huge fortress, was originally made of wood, but was reconstructed in stone around 1525 to 1531. This citadel, built in a similar style to the famous red brick citadel in Moscow, was a part of the Great Abatis Border. This border, which has been analogously compared to the Great Wall of China, was a chain of fortification lines constructed by Muscovy as a protection from invasion by the Crimean Tatars. The abatis was constructed with felled trees arranged as a barricade and fortified with ditches and earth mounds. The stone and wooden fortresses of the towns along the Great Abatis Border formed part of the fortifications. Among these towns were Kolomna, Serpukhov, Zaraysk, Ryazan, Tula and Belyov. In Kolomna, several of the original towers and parts of walls are well-preserved and include an interesting museum.

There are numerous interesting places to visit in Kolomna. On the weekends, the local Club of Historic Fencing hosts exhibitions featuring arms and armor that they have manufactured according to ancient methods. Visitors can try on the armor and handle weapons (under supervision) and for a fee, they can have their photograph taken while dressed in armor. The St. Nikola Church is characteristic of the 17th century churches in Russia and is a well preserved example of ancient architecture. On Gagarin Street in Kolomna, visitors can see an unusual monument that was erected in honor of Yuri Gagarin, one of the first men in the world to launch into space, which he did on 12 April 1961. Gagarin is a Soviet hero and many cities have streets named after him, as well as monuments in his honor. The Church of Ascension of Our Lord, built in the 17th century, is set in a peaceful, scenic park in Tolstoy Street. The beautifully decorated Mikhail Archangel Church on a hill not far from the Kremlin contains a Regional Museum with exhibits that give visitors insight to the culture and history of the area.

Apart from the interesting reminders of the history of Kolomna that are found all over the city and surroundings, the scenery is beautiful and the people are friendly. Visitors to this Russian city will enjoy the time they spend in Kolomna.


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