Journey to the Interesting Town of Rostov
The picturesque town of Rostov rests on the shores of Lake Nero in the Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia. The official name of the town is Rostov, but Russians refer to the town as Rostov Veliky (Rostov the Great) in order to distinguish it from the city of Rostov on Don. With the distinction of being one of the oldest towns in Russia, Rostov is a prime tourist destination in the Golden Ring.
The Rostov Kremlin is an unmistakable landmark in the Russian town, not only because of its unique and fascinating architecture, but also because it is in area where the first settlements were established. By Russian historical standards, the Kremlin itself is not considered to be old, with most of the inner buildings dating back to the 17th century. Unlike the majority of Kremlins, this skillfully decorated building was not constructed to serve as a protection for the town, but rather as the residence of the local head of church. The Kremlin is divided into three parts: Cathedral Square; Bishop’s Court; and Metropolitan Garden.
The existing Assumption Cathedral in Cathedral Square of the Rostov Kremlin, with its white facades and distinctive wooden domes, was built during the first part of the 16th century, replacing the original wooden structure that had been built between 1508 and 1512. The 17th century bell-tower next to the cathedral has sixteen bells, each with its own name. The largest bell, which was cast in 1688, is named Sysoi and weighs 32 tons.
The metropolitan Iona Sysoevich chose an area between Lake Nero and the cathedral square to build his fanciful residence. Construction of this stunning landmark was carried out from 1667 to 1694 and includes four elaborately decorated churches: Savior Church-na-Senyakh; Church of St Gregory; St John the Apostle; and the Resurrection of Christ. The residence itself includes eleven dome-topped towers, numerous palaces and several small belfries.
Another noteworthy landmark is the Yakovlevsky monastery which is situated on Rostov’s outskirts. This monastery, constructed in the late 18th and early 19th century, has been venerated as the shrine of Dmitry of Rostov. Unlike most other churches in Rostov, Yakovlevsky monastery belongs to the Russian Orthodoxy and is home to a theological seminary.
The Abraham monastery, which was established in the 11th century, is among the oldest in Russia. Ivan the Terrible commissioned the monastery cathedral in 1553 as a commemoration of the conquest of Kazan. It is evident that many of the churches in the region have been modeled on the architecture of the Abraham monastery cathedral.
It is an undisputed fact that the Golden Ring of Russia has a wealth of history and ancient culture to share with visitors. The town of Rostov Veliky is a prime example of the treasures that this region holds and is well worth visiting.