Russia's Education System

Russia has an exceptionally good education system with a 100% literacy rate. The Russian education system currently has about 519 institutions of higher education and 48 universities, found in various cities in Russia, which are attended by approximately three million students. Mathematics, medical sciences, science and space and aviation are generally of a very high standard and many ground breaking discoveries have been made in this country.

The Russian education system can be divided into three main groups: secondary education, higher education and postgraduate education. Secondary education may take ten or eleven years to complete depending on the school. Education in Russia is compulsory for all Russian citizens up to the 9th grade. After finishing the 9th grade, scholars will receive a Certificate of Incomplete Secondary Education. The scholar may then choose to continue studying for two more years at a secondary school or he may choose to pursue an associate degree at one of the many Community Colleges available which takes three or four years to do. Those finishing at a Community College will complete their education with a qualification that allows them to enjoy virtually any blue-collar job.

After receiving a Certificate of Complete Secondary Education, a student can choose to study further at a University or Community College. A Community College will give the person an Associate Degree in one to two years while a person studying at a university will usually have to choose a course that last four to six years. After four years of full-time university-level study, the student will usually be awarded a Bachelor’s degree. This is awarded in all fields except for that of medicine. In this field the student will have to study for six years and prepare and defend a diploma project under the guidance of a supervisor, as well as pass his final exams before being given a Bachelors degree.

Once the student has a Bachelors degree, he may wish to study further and obtain his Master’s degree which will usually be awarded after a further two years of study. This can be done at either a university or a scientific institute. A medical student may have to study a further two to four years and write and publish a thesis before obtaining a doctorate. Only 1 in 4 candidates reach this grade and, as a result of the difficulty and time of doing so, most new doctors are more than 40 years of age.

Russia’s education system was not always as good as it is today, but it currently upholds a very high standard of education. Since 1981 the country has followed the UNESCO International Regulations to ensure that their scholastic institutions meet with high quality, internationally recognized standards. It is also interesting to note that no school may operate without government approval.


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