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Old 19th January 2004, 06:25
Imagine Imagine is offline
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Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

The policy of Glasnot under Mikhail Gorbachev creates openness within Russian society by promoting public debate about the effectiveness of Communism.
Mikhail Gorbachev declares at the United Nations General Assembly that the USSR intends "to expand its participation in UN human rights monitoring agreements" and that the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice should be binding on all states. He also denies that Russians are judged for political or religious beliefs.
Mikhail Gorbachov becomes President of new parliament-- the Congress of People's Deputies. For the first time, voters are offered a choice of candidates. As a result, constitutional issues are forced to the front of the political picture, in the southern republics; political dispute leads to violence between national and ethnic groups in the Southern Republics. In some instances troops are deployed to restore order.
Establishment of the Russia Federation

December: Soviet Union collapses which results in Russia's independence. Boris Yeltsin is elected President. The Republic of Chechnya declares unilateral independence. The Mass Media Act, regulating the media's activities, is passed.
January: Grigory Pasko, a reporter for the Russian Fleet's newspaper Boyevaya Vakhta, the Russian Fleet, films the, dumping illegal nuclear waste into the Sea of Japan off the coast of Vladivostok. Japan Broadcasting Corporation and a TV station in Primorsky Krai publicize the film, entitled Extra-dangerous Zone.

December: A new Constitution that gives the President sweeping powers is approved.
December: Russian troops invade self-proclaimed Chechen Republic- Ichkeriya. The government declares the war is "to restore the Constitutional order."
Alexsandr Nikitin is accused of espionage and leaking state secrets after writing about the environmental consequences of nuclear submarines for Bellona, a Norwegian environmental organization.
Yeltsin is re-elected. While in office, he signs a peace treaty with Chechnya and a cooperation agreement with NATO.
Russia enters the G-7 group of industrialized countries.
January: Aslan Maskhadov is elected President of Chechnya. International monitors declare the election impartial.

March: Maskhadov and Yeltsin sign a treaty to reinforce an end to aggression.

November: Federal Security Service, FSB, agents at Vladivostok airport arrest Pasko for espionage and treason. Pasko is accused of passing classified information to the Japanese through his film, Extra-dangerous Zone.
Yeltsin resigns and appoints former KGB member Vladimir Putin as President.

July: The Pacific Fleet Court acquits Pasko of treason through espionage, but sentences him to three years in prison for abusing his official position.

October: Putin sends Russian troops into Chechnya after bomb explosions in Moscow are blamed on Chechen extremists. The government declares the war an "anti-terrorist operation."

December: The St. Petersburg Court acquits Nikitin - after he was held for two years in pre-trial detention.

25: Although all the information Pasko supplied for the film was publicly available, the Military Court of the Pacific Fleet finds Pasko guilty of treason. He is sentenced to two more years in jail for a total of four years.
May: Putin is officially elected as President of the Russian Federation, receiving over 50% of the votes.

Amnesty International Chechnya reports are seized in Russia for being "anti-Russian."

August: FSB wants to re-open Nikitin's case. Two weeks later, the Russian Supreme Court upholds the acquittal.

November: Russian Supreme Court's Military Collegium determines that the July 1999 decision on Pasko's case by the Military Court of the Pacific Fleet in Vladivostok did not correspond to the materials and facts of the case. As a result, the case is sent back for a new trial in Vladivostok.
February: Russian soldiers arrest Anna Politkovskaya, a Russian journalist reporting on the human rights abuses in Chechnya, for "violat[ing] the accreditation procedures and the rules enforced by the military command."

July Accredited journalists wanting to report from Chechnya are escorted by an officer of the Ministry of the Interior, at the order of the Putin Administration.

December: Military Court of the Pacific Fleet finds Pasko guilty of treason and sentences him to four years' in a labor camp for intent to pass on information to foreign correspondents.
January: Authorities shut down Russia's last independent national television station, TV-6. The international community and Russian human rights organizations raise concerns about free speech.

May: Russia and US negotiate and agree upon a strategy to reduce nuclear weapons.

June: TV-6 is allowed back on the air under the new name TVS. The new license is given after journalists collaborate with Kremlin-backed managers. Putin takes partial blame for Chechnya situation stating "The mop-ups cannot be improved" and should be "discontinued." He also states that by the end of the year, Chechens would have to be prepared to defend their own region.

The Military Collegium of the Russian Supreme Court affirms Pasko's conviction for espionage. Pasko is sentenced to a labor camp for the rest of his detention.
Duma passes Anti-Extremism Bill which bans religious organizations found to have committed "extreme activities."

China negotiates to buy eight submarines, worth about $1.6 billion, from Russia (placing Russia as China's leading military trading partner).

July: Federation Council passes Farmland Bill. Sales of farmland are allowed, under this bill, for the first time since the Czarist era.

August: Ethnic Russian members of the People's National Party attack people of different ethnic backgrounds, such as Armenians, Africans, Chechens, and Azerbaijanis, on the streets and in their homes in Krasnoarmeysk. Police do nothing to stop the heinous acts, nor does the government oppose the acts.

October: Amnesty International launches Russia human rights campaign.

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Old 26th January 2004, 13:23
Rain Rain is offline
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NTV, the last independent TV station in Russia is forcibly closed down by the authorities.

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