Exceptional World Heritage Sites in Russia
In a country as vast and varied as Russia, you can be sure that there are plenty of UNESCO World Heritage Sites to visit. The country has a rich cultural and natural legacy which has been carefully preserved in order to inspire and educate current and future generations. From the magnificent Peterhof estate in St Petersburg to the beautiful Lake Baikal in southern Siberia, you can be sure that Russia is brimming with excellent World Heritage Sites that are well worth seeing. There are currently more than forty different World Heritage Sites in Russia and applications for more have been drawn up. This section is designed to help you find out a bit more about the country’s amazing wealth of natural and cultural heritage sites.
As you may already know, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) strives to identify, protect and preserve sites all over the world with significant cultural or natural value. These sites are generally thought of as being of great value to humankind and they are seen as belonging to all the various peoples of the world, regardless of where they may be located. UNESCO recognizes the unsurpassed value of such sites, knowing that they cannot be replaced and that only through knowing more about our past and through preserving our natural environment, can we continue to educate future generations and strive to find some sort of balance between mankind and nature. When a site becomes a World Heritage Site, it receives special recognition and protection.
UNESCO often works hard to establish management plans which go a long way to preserving the site. In Russia, this has definitely been advantageous when it comes to a number of sites, which are now registered as World Heritage Sites. Beautiful buildings which may have fallen into disrepair from lack of use or from vandalism have been painstakingly restored at the urging and with the help and organization provided by UNESCO officials. Those working to preserve certain natural landmarks may have struggled with local and governmental officials to prevent commercial ventures from overtaking and consuming natural resources. With the site’s inclusion on the World Heritage Site list, the area usually receives greater recognition and protection. Of course, the sites which receive World Heritage Site status must meet certain criteria – perhaps it is this fact which helps visitors to know that the site is well worth visiting. So make sure that you include one or two World Heritage Sites in your plans when you set off to discover Russia.
Below is the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Russia:
Historic Centre of St. Petersburg and Related Monuments
Kremlin and Red Square in Moscow
Cultural and Historic Ensemble of the Solovetsky Islands
Historic Monuments of Novgorod and Surroundings
White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal
Architectural Ensemble of the Trinity Sergius Lavra in Sergiev Posad
Church of the Ascension in Kolomenskoye
Virgin Komi Forests
Volcanoes of Kamchatka
Golden Mountains of Altai
Ensemble of the Ferrapontov Monastery
Historic and Architectural Complex of the Kazan Kremlin
Citadel, Ancient City and Fortress Buildings of Derbent
Us Nuur Basin
Ensemble of the Novodevichy Convent
Natural System of Wrangel Island Reserve
Historical Centre of the City of Yaroslavl
Struve Geodetic Arc