Discover the Beautiful Lake Baikal in Russia

Located in Southeastern Siberia in the Irkutsk region, Lake Baikal is one of the most striking lakes in the world. This centuries-old lake not only reaches incredible depths but also boasts an immense surface area. It houses a wonderful variety of animals - many of which are completely unique - and it continues to fascinate biologists, scientists and nature lovers who regularly gather here to enjoy the striking phenomenon that is Lake Baikal.

Lake Baikal is the oldest lake in the world at an estimated 25-30 million years old. It has approximately 2 100 meters of coastline and the water it holds makes up 20% of the fresh surface water in the world. The lake is so big that it even has a few islands in it. Lake Baikal is fed by over three hundred rivers and streams and yet water only leaves in through one river, the Angara River.

One of the remarkable things about the lake is its clarity. One can see up to a depth of 40 to 50 meters, but it is still not possible see the lake floor since it has a depth of 630 meters. When winter comes, the entire lake freezes over, but when the lake is not frozen, strong winds can whip up waves that are an enormous at four to six meters high. Deeper down, the lake gets oxygenated by the thermal springs on the lake floor.

The area surrounding the Baikal Lake is also pristine. Much of it is made up of taiga, rock or the Barguzin mountain range. This means that it is a wonderful habitat for animals. The taiga surrounding the lake is home to 2 500 animal species. There are also hundreds of bird species in the area. Lake Baikal itself has some 1 200 animal species and 1 000 plant species. The freshwater seal or nerpa (Phoca siberica), is a very unique animal. It is also the only mammal which inhabits Lake Baikal. The zooplankton (epishura) and crustaceans are responsible for the clarity of the water as they feed on waterweeds and bacteria which usually make it murky.

Lake Baikal is a very popular natural attraction and it is not difficult to understand why. With such an amazing wealth in fauna and flora as well as an amazing landscape, you may find it very difficult to leave again when your time is up. Why not visit Lake Baikal and let its magnificence captivate and inspire you.

 



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