Discover the Intricacies of Vologda
Documents and chronicles of ancient times first started to refer to Vologda in the year 1147. It became home to many Novgorodians who settled in the town of Vologda because of its access to the White Sea. The small town slipped into memory after it was attacked by the savage Mongolian troops (or Tartars) in 1273. New life was breathed into the town of Vologda in 1412, when the Princes of Muscovy named the town to be their Northern outpost.
Ivan the Terrible also had a hand in the history of the town, as he ordered the renovation of the buildings, replacing wooden structures with brick. This included the rebuilding of the Saint Sophia Cathedral, which was consecrated in the year 1570. The cathedral, one of the most significant attractions in Vologda, took years to complete as building was often suspended for years at a time. Today, breathtaking frescoes can still be seen in the cathedral that was painted by the legendary Dmitry Plekhanov between the years 1686 to 1688. The bell tower that is located next to the cathedral was added between 1654 and 1659, and together they are beautiful examples of the architectural styles of the time.
Another interesting fact about Vologda is that two foreigners, namely Theodore and Ida Buhmann, started a dairy culture that is still a thriving industry in the town. A Dairy Institute was later established on the grounds of the Buhmann estate that has led to many well-known dairy products being manufactured here, and a school for experiments and development of new products. The town is also known for its talented craftsmen that seem able to transform any piece of wood into a masterpiece. But it is Vologda Lace that has brought fame to Vologda. It is not certain how the craft of lace making originated in Vologda, but some lace articles that have been found date back to the sixteenth century. The lace is characterized by its pattern and style. People of nobility and power used to wear lace garments that were woven from silver and golden threads. In later years, the lace became commercialized, and mostly Fairy-Tale Vologda Lace is still handcrafted. Many awards, such as the Grand Prix Award at the 1937 World Fair, have been awarded to the Vologda Lace Association. World recognition has been given to this traditional form of art that is unique, detailed and carefully crafted.
Vologda is a destination in Russia that has a colorful and rich history, with many stories to tell and magnificent sites to view. The creative abilities of the locals, the beauty of the town and all the fascinating attractions in Vologda that can be explored will overwhelm visitors.